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Magnetite - Fe2+Fe3+2O4




Attributes: Magnetite is a magnetic iron ore and a significant source of iron, known for its black or dark brown metallic luster and magnetic properties.


Grades: While primarily valued for its industrial applications, magnetite can also be fashioned into ornamental pieces and occasionally used in jewelry due to its distinctive appearance.


Colors: Typically black or dark brown, magnetite's metallic luster can give it a shiny and reflective quality.


Luster: Highly metallic, magnetite exhibits a reflective sheen that contributes to its visual appeal.


Rarity: Common and widely distributed, with substantial deposits found in various geological settings globally.


Country of Origin: Found in numerous countries, major sources include Sweden, Russia, South Africa, China, and the United States (Minnesota, Michigan).

Here are some key areas where magnetite is commonly found in Australia:

  1. Western Australia: The Pilbara region in Western Australia is known for hosting extensive deposits of magnetite. The Pilbara Craton contains some of the world's largest known resources of iron ore, including substantial magnetite deposits. Mines such as the Sino Iron Project at Cape Preston and the Karara Iron Ore Project are prominent examples.

  2. South Australia: The Braemar Iron Formation, located in the northeastern part of South Australia, is a significant host for magnetite deposits. Prominent magnetite projects in this region include the SIMEC Mining-owned and operated South Middleback Ranges and the Central Eyre Iron Project.

  3. Tasmania: Magnetite can be found in various locations across Tasmania. The mineral is associated with iron ore deposits in different geological formations on the island.

  4. Queensland: Queensland also hosts magnetite deposits, although they may not be as extensive as those in Western Australia. Some regions in Queensland, including the North West Minerals Province, have known occurrences of magnetite.

  5. Northern Territory: In the Northern Territory, magnetite deposits can be found in areas such as the Roper Bar region. These deposits contribute to the overall iron ore resources in the Northern Territory.


Magnetite is a key source of iron ore, and its magnetic properties make it valuable for various industrial applications, including steel production. The high-quality magnetite deposits in Australia contribute significantly to the country's iron ore exports. It's important to note that specific locations and the economic viability of magnetite extraction can vary. Mining and exploration activities in these areas are subject to regulatory and environmental considerations. Researchers, geologists, and mining professionals interested in magnetite deposits in Australia should stay informed about the latest geological surveys, mining projects, and industry developments.


Formation: Forms in a variety of geological environments, including igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, and sedimentary rocks. It often occurs as octahedral crystals or in massive formations.


Hardness: Scores 5.5 to 6.5 on the Mohs scale, indicating moderate hardness. Despite its magnetic properties, magnetite is not as hard as some other gemstones.


Chemical Composition: Iron oxide (Fe3O4), composed of iron and oxygen. Magnetite is one of the primary iron ores and is a key contributor to the Earth's magnetic field.


Crystal System: Isometric, forming octahedral or dodecahedral crystals, though it is more commonly found in massive granular formations.


History: Magnetite has a long history of use, with its name derived from its magnetic properties. It has been utilized for practical purposes, including compass needles and magnetic devices, throughout various historical periods.


Health Information: Generally safe to handle, but as with any mineral, care should be taken to avoid inhaling dust during cutting and polishing.


Intended Healing: While not traditionally associated with metaphysical properties, some believe magnetite can have grounding and stabilizing effects. It is also thought to enhance one's connection to the Earth's energy. As with any metaphysical beliefs, individual interpretation and discretion are advised.


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