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Pyrite - FeS2


Pyrite, commonly known as "Fool's Gold," is a sulfide mineral recognized for its metallic luster and brassy yellow color, often resembling gold.


While not a precious metal, pyrite is appreciated for its distinctive appearance and is used in jewelry, ornamental items, and occasionally as a source of iron and sulfur.


Typically brassy yellow, pyrite can also display iridescent hues, and its cubic crystals contribute to its visually appealing geometric structure.


Highly metallic, pyrite's luster is often described as "gold-like," adding to its historical allure as a deceptive mineral.


Common, with extensive deposits found worldwide. Well-formed crystals with large, individual cubes are considered more collectible.

Country of Origin:

Pyrite is found globally, with significant deposits in Spain, Peru, Italy, China, and the United States (particularly in Illinois and Colorado).

Pyrite can be found in various locations across Australia. Here are some regions where pyrite occurrences have been identified:

  1. Broken Hill, New South Wales: Broken Hill, located in western New South Wales, is renowned for its rich mineral deposits, including pyrite. The region has been a significant mining area for various minerals, and pyrite can be found in association with other sulfide minerals in the Broken Hill ore deposits.

  1. Victoria: Pyrite has been reported in several locations in Victoria, particularly in areas with gold deposits. It often occurs alongside gold in quartz veins. The association of pyrite with gold makes it an interesting mineral for prospectors and miners.

  1. Western Australia: Various regions in Western Australia, known for their mineral wealth, may contain pyrite deposits. The Yilgarn Craton, in particular, is a geological region where pyrite can be found in association with other minerals.

  1. South Australia: Pyrite occurrences have been reported in different parts of South Australia. The mineral can be found in sedimentary rocks, as well as in association with base metal deposits in the region.

  1. Tasmania: Tasmania has known occurrences of pyrite in various geological formations. The mineral can be found in different rock types, including sedimentary and volcanic rocks.

  1. Queensland: Some areas in Queensland, with a history of mining activities, may contain pyrite deposits. The presence of pyrite is often associated with certain types of mineralized zones.

It's important to note that the distribution of pyrite in Australia is diverse, and its occurrence can vary from one geological region to another. Additionally, pyrite is a common mineral in many parts of the world and can be found in a wide range of geological settings. Mineral collectors, geologists, and researchers interested in exploring or studying pyrite in Australia should be aware of local regulations and obtain necessary permissions before conducting any fieldwork. Furthermore, the presence of pyrite can have economic implications, as it is often associated with valuable minerals such as gold and base metals in mining operations.


Forms in a variety of geological environments, including sedimentary rocks, hydrothermal veins, and coal beds. It often occurs alongside other sulfide minerals.


Scores 6 to 6.5 on the Mohs scale, indicating moderate hardness. Despite its hardness, pyrite can crumble and tarnish over time due to exposure to air and moisture.

Chemical Composition:

Iron disulfide (FeS2), composed of iron and sulfur. The distinctive cubic crystal structure is a key identifier.

Crystal System:

Cubic, showcasing well-defined, often striated cubes that contribute to its characteristic appearance.


Pyrite has a long history, with its name derived from the Greek word "pyr," meaning fire, due to its ability to produce sparks when struck against metal. It has been used for various purposes, including as a source of ignition in early fire-making.

Health Information:

Generally safe to handle, but care should be taken to avoid inhaling dust when handling or cutting pyrite. Over time, pyrite may tarnish, forming a powdery coating known as "pyrite disease."

Intended Healing:

While not traditionally associated with metaphysical properties, some believe pyrite can enhance willpower, confidence, and assertiveness. Its reflective and golden appearance has led to its symbolic association with wealth and prosperity. As with any metaphysical beliefs, individual interpretation and discretion are advised.

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